All content on this site is © Marilize Nel. All rights reserved.

Thanks for your interest in my work. All content in this site is created by me (Marilize Nel) except where otherwise indicated. I am the copyright owner. The content is protected by South African and international copyright laws and cannot be stored on any retrieval system, reproduced, reposted, displayed, modified or transmitted in any form, electronic or otherwise without my written permission or a formal license. This protection extends to any content found among these pages including (but not limited to) the text of individual posts and original photographs taken by me.

What is Copyright?

A copyright is an exclusive right granted by law for a limited period to an author, designer, etc. for his/her original work. Unlike other forms of intellectual property, copyright does not need to be registered, except for cinematograph films.

Copyright is secured automatically when an original work is created.

What constitutes copyright infringement?

You are allowed to make photocopies for private use.

You are allowed to copy a public speech or a lecture.

You are allowed to copy or cite another author’s work as long as the work is acknowledged in full.

You are allowed to reproduce the author’s work only with the author’s written permission.

You are required to reference the author when you refer to the work of another in the form of the name of the author and the details of the publications.

You are allowed to use a small portion of the work (a few sentences of paragraphs) without permission as long as you acknowledge the author.

You must get permission if a significant section of the work, such as a chapter or a blog post, is reproduced.

You are allowed to reproduce work that is being used in academic institutions, for research or for private use.

You are allowed to copy a public speech or lecture, made for information purposes, or photocopy government publications for public usage.

What is the lifespan of copyright?

The lifespan of copyright depends on the type of work protected:

– The copyright of literacy works lasts for 50 years after death of the author.
– The copyright of computer programs lasts for 50 years after the first copies were made available to the public.
– For sound recordings, the copyright lasts for 50 years from the day the work was first broadcast.
– For films, 50 years from the date the film was shown.

Fair Use

If you would like to mention or share text from this site, please restrict it to a brief excerpt of text (up to about 50 words) quoted from an individual page and please include a link back to the source page on this site.

If you would like to use any of the content for educational use, please contact me.

More on Copyright and Fair Use

If you would like to know more about Copyright and Fair Use, here is a good summary.